The CLEP: Western Civilization II examination was developed by the College Board as a way for individuals to demonstrate undergraduate-level knowledge and skills in this subject. Almost three thousand American colleges give credit to students who pass a CLEP exam; for this reason, many college-bound students take a CLEP exam in order to skip over introductory courses.
To succeed on the Western Civilization II exam, students will need to master the following topics and skills: the significant facts related to developments in Western civilization; identifying the causes and effects of major historical events; analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating textual and graphical materials; distinguishing the relevant from the irrelevant; and reaching conclusions on the basis of facts. The content of the exam is broken down as follows: absolutism and constitutionalism, 1648 to 1715 (7-9% of the exam); competition for empire and economic expansion (4-6%); scientific view of the world (5-7%); Enlightenment period (7-9%); revolution and Napoleonic Europe (10-13%); the Industrial Revolution (7-9%); political and cultural developments, 1815-1848 (6-8%); politics and diplomacy in the Age of Nationalism, 1850 to 1914 (7-9%); economy, culture, and imperialism, 1850 to 1914 (7-9%); Europe between the wars (7-9%); and the Second World War and contemporary Europe (8-10%). The Western Civilization II exam consists of 120 multiple-choice questions and must be completed within 90 minutes.
After the exam is complete, an unofficial score report will be made available. This score report will include the total score on a scale of 20 to 80; the American Council on Education recommends that students get credit if they score 50 or above. The total score is the raw score (number of correct answers) adjusted according to the difficulty of the exam version. The College Board does not distinguish between unanswered questions and questions answered incorrectly, so test-takers are encouraged to respond to every question. Some of the questions on the exam are pre-test questions, which are used to develop future versions of the exam and do not contribute to the raw score. It is impossible for test-takers to determine which questions are pre-test questions. The CLEP exams are administered in both computer and paper formats at over a thousand locations throughout the world. To register for an exam, visit the College Board website.
CLEP Western Civilization II Practice Questions
1. The Anschluss unified Germany and _____.
2. What was the result of William II of Germany’s foreign policy during the first years of the twentieth century?
A: There was a spike in the price of grain.
B: The Balkans became more stable.
C: England and France became the dominant powers in Europe.
D: Vienna became the capital of European culture.
E: England, France, and Russia became allied.
3. What was the intention of the Zimmerman telegram?
A: To deliver German U-Boats to Russia
B: To warn the Japanese of the impending invasion
C: To isolate Austria economically
D: To establish an alliance between Germany and Mexico during World War I
E: To alert the United States of the Pearl Harbor attack
4. What was granted by the Protocol of Troppau?
A: the right of Protestants to gather for worship
B: the right of Puritans to emigrate to the New World
C: the right of governments to intervene during revolutions in other countries
D: the right of Henry VIII to divorce
E: the right of the Pope to seize secular lands
5. What was the intent of Napoleon’s Continental System?
A: to anger the Dutch
B: to isolate Britain
C: to bolster Anglo-French relations
D: to diminish the value of the franc
E: to allow him a divorce from Josephine
6. What happened to the Holy Roman Empire in 1806?
A: It acquired almost all of Prussia.
B: It was split into two parts.
C: It began taxing landowners.
D: It was disbanded.
E: It was attacked by William II.
7. Which of the following was a result of the invention of the steam engine?
A: bubonic plague
B: increase in life expectancy
C: mass emigration to the cities
D: the fall of Napoleon
E: the breakdown of colonialism
8. Which three countries made up the Little Entente during the 1920s?
A: Romania, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia
B: Serbia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina
C: Russia, Czechoslovakia, and Poland
D: Poland, Austria, and Romania
E: Yugoslavia, Poland, and Austria
9. What was the major achievement of the Long Parliament?
A: It established religious freedom for Protestants.
B: It asserted the right of primogeniture.
C: It established equal rights for non-landowners.
D: It established a trade embargo against Spain.
E: It declared the rights of the citizens against the monarchy.
10. What was one result of the Peterloo Massacre of 1819?
A: A number of radical reformers were killed.
B: The Corn Laws were instituted.
C: Women were given the right to vote.
D: England disbanded its navy.
E: Parliament began to include common citizens.
CLEP Western Civilization II Answer Key
1. E. This political union strengthened Nazi Germany in 1938.
2. E. William II’s provocations caused other European nations to ally with one another.
3. D. The interception of this telegram encouraged the United States to enter the war.
4. C. The parties who signed on to the Protocol were Russia, Prussia, Britain, and Austria.
5. B. Napoleon hoped to destroy the thriving British economy.
6. D. The Holy Roman Empire was initiated in 962.
7. C. The rapid industrialization that followed the invention of the steam engine created an immediate need for laborers.
8. A. This mutual defense agreement was supported in part by France.
9. E. The Long Parliament of 1640 forbade the King from disbanding the popular assembly without permission.
10. A. The Peterloo Massacre was a violent suppression of protests against high food prices.