The CLEP: Introduction to Educational Psychology examination was developed by the College Board as a way for individuals to demonstrate undergraduate-level knowledge and skills in this area. Almost three thousand American colleges give credit to students who pass a CLEP exam; for this reason, many college-bound students take a CLEP exam in order to skip over introductory courses.
To succeed on the Introduction to Educational Psychology exam, students will need to master the following topics and skills: basic facts, concepts, and principles; association of ideas with established theoretical positions; important influences on learning and instruction; research, statistical concepts, and procedures; and the applications of various concepts and theories to particular situations and problems. The content of the exam is broken down as follows: educational aims or philosophies (5%); the cognitive perspective (15%); the behavioristic perspective (11%); development (15%); motivation (10%); individual differences (17%); testing (12%); pedagogy (10%); and research design and analysis (5%). The Introduction to Educational Psychology exam consists of 100 multiple-choice questions and must be completed within 90 minutes.
After the exam is complete, an unofficial score report will be made available. This score report will include the total score on a scale of 20 to 80; the American Council on Education recommends that students get credit if they score 50 or above. The total score is the raw score (number of correct answers) adjusted according to the difficulty of the exam version. The College Board does not distinguish between unanswered questions and questions answered incorrectly, so test-takers are encouraged to respond to every question. Some of the questions on the exam are pre-test questions, which are used to develop future versions of the exam and do not contribute to the raw score. It is impossible for test-takers to determine which questions are pre-test questions. The CLEP exams are administered in both computer and paper formats at over a thousand locations throughout the world. To register for an exam, visit the College Board website.
CLEP Introduction To Educational Psychology Practice Questions
1. What is the name of the learning strategy in which the individual breaks a problem into components and solves each component individually?
A: divisible evaluation
B: means-end analysis
C: functional analysis
D: composition research
E: pragmatic association
2. Name the psychologist responsible for developing the tri-part theory of intelligence.
A: Daniel Goleman
B: Howard Gardner
C: Robert Sternberg
D: Sigmund Freud
E: Carl Jung
3. What kind of learning stems from observation of the consequences of an action?
A: classical conditioning
B: primary conditioning
C: operant conditioning
D: secondary conditioning
E: functional conditioning
4. According to which theory of motivation are patterns of human behavior inherited?
A: instinct theory
B: cognition theory
C: stimulus theory
D: genetic theory
E: prior acquisition theory
5. Which psychologist is famous for his pioneering work in classical conditioning?
A: B.F. Skinner
B: Sigmund Freud
C: John B. Watson
D: Ivan Pavlov
E: Robert Rescorla
6. The two most important characteristics of a standardized test are _____.
A: reliability and validity
B: reliability and accuracy
C: accuracy and equality
D: practicality and validity
E: validity and accuracy
7. During which stage of development are adolescents likely to have few long-term goals or interests?
A: identity foreclosure
C: fledgling autonomy
D: social transition
E: identity diffusion
8. What is the name for the operant conditioning technique in which complicated behaviors are taught by sequential reinforcement?
9. What is the phenomenon in which a repeated behavior is not always followed by reinforcement?
A: incomplete reinforcement
B: stimulus non-response
C: response therapy
D: instinct reward
E: partial reinforcement
10. In Piaget’s model of human development, when does abstract thinking emerge?
A: formal-operational stage
B: concrete operational stage
C: pre-operational stage
D: sensorimotor stage
E: sensoriformal stage
CLEP Introduction To Educational Psychology Answer Key
1. B. Means-end analysis is a characteristic of developed human thought.
2. C. According to Sternberg, the three components of intelligence are componential, experiential, and practical.
3. C. Operant conditioning is distinguished by its emphasis on action.
4. A. In psychology, instinct is an inherited pattern of behavior characteristic of a particular species.
5. D. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) demonstrated that the reflexes of dogs could be conditioned by external stimuli.
6. A. Reliability is the degree to which a test performs its intended function, while validity is the degree to which the function measures what it intends to measure.
7. E. Identity diffusion precedes the formation of a complete personality, according to Erikson.
8. B. Shaping is an instructional technique currently in wide use in elementary schools.
9. E. Partial reinforcement results in slower learning.
10. A. The formal-operational stage encompasses both adolescence and adulthood.