The CLEP: Human Growth and Development examination was developed by the College Board as a way for individuals to demonstrate undergraduate-level knowledge and skills in this area. Almost three thousand American colleges give credit to students who pass a CLEP exam; for this reason, many college-bound students take a CLEP exam in order to skip over introductory courses.
To succeed on the Human Growth and Development exam, students will need to master the following topics and skills: basic facts and terminology; generally accepted concepts and principles; theories and recurrent developmental issues; and applications of knowledge to particular problems or situations. The content of the exam is broken down as follows: theoretical perspectives (10%); research strategies and methodology (5%); biological development through the life span (10%); perceptual development through the life span (7%); cognitive development through the life span (12%); language development (8%); intelligence through the life span (4%); social development through the life span (10%); family, home and society through the life span (8%); personality and emotion (8%); learning (8%); schooling, work, and interventions (5%); and atypical development (5%). The Human Growth and Development exam consists of 90 multiple-choice questions and must be completed within 90 minutes.
After the exam is complete, an unofficial score report will be made available. This score report will include the total score on a scale of 20 to 80; the American Council on Education recommends that students get credit if they score 50 or above. The total score is the raw score (number of correct answers) adjusted according to the difficulty of the exam version. The College Board does not distinguish between unanswered questions and questions answered incorrectly, so test-takers are encouraged to respond to every question. Some of the questions on the exam are pre-test questions, which are used to develop future versions of the exam and do not contribute to the raw score. It is impossible for test-takers to determine which questions are pre-test questions. The CLEP exams are administered in both computer and paper formats at over a thousand locations throughout the world. To register for an exam, visit the College Board website.
1. What is the name for the tendency of an infant to reach with his or her mouth when touched there?
A: sucking reflex
B: rooting reflex
C: grasping reflex
D: startling reflex
E: telegraphic reflex
2. Which biological phenomenon explains why humans are not born with webbed fingers?
C: programmed cell death
3. The almost instantaneous attachment process that children make with their mothers is known as _____.
4. According to biologists, what is the primary determinant in human longevity?
A: The presence of amino acids.
B: The presence of antibodies.
C: The volume of antioxidants.
D: The absence of environmental contaminants.
E: The ability of cells to repair their own DNA.
5. The phenomenon in which one part of the body grows faster than another is known as _____
B: plantar fasciitis
6. During which stage of development is the human embryo implanted in the uterus?
D: embryonic disc
7. According to John Horn, _____ intelligence is the capability of using acquired knowledge in the right situations.
8. Which developmental psychologist suggested that adolescents go through a brutal identity crisis?
A: Sigmund Freud
B: Albert Bandura
C: Jean Piaget
D: Erik Erikson
E: B.F. Skinner
9. In social science, the idea that aging is inevitably accompanied by physical and mental degeneration is known as the _____.
A: dementia model of aging
B: declining model of aging
C: decremental model of aging
D: dissolution model of aging
E: definition model of aging
10. What is the name for the set of behaviors that a society deems appropriate for the members of a particular sex?
A: gender identity
B: sexual mores
C: gender role
D: gender norms
E: sexual deviancy
1. B. The rooting reflex helps guide the infant's mouth towards the breast for nursing.
2. C. Programmed cell death is a kind of suicide aimed at protecting and enhancing the overall organism.
3. D. Konrad Lorenz first observed the imprinting phenomenon in baby geese.
4. E. Cells can live indefinitely so long as they can perform basic maintenance.
5. A. During adolescence, the hands and feet often grow much faster than the rest of the body.
6. A. A blastocyst consists of a trophoblast, central cavity, and inner cell mass.
7. B. Horn stated that crystallized intelligence increases with age and experience.
8. D. Erikson asserted that the adolescent identity crisis is one of the most turbulent times in individual development.
9. C. Increasingly, research is suggesting that physical and mental decline is not inevitable.
10. C. Gender roles vary widely between societies.